First of December

   Until recently, an official Portuguese national holiday each year. On 1 December 1640, in Lisbon, a Portuguese revolution overthrew Spanish rule and restored an independent monarchy. Afterward, the First of December was celebrated as a holiday to impart feelings of national loyalty and patriotism in the people and mark the end of the 60-year period of Portugal's subjugation to Phillipine Spain.
   See also Filipe I, king; War of Restoration.

Historical dictionary of Portugal 3rd ed.. . 2014.

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